allekso123 (allekso123) wrote,
allekso123
allekso123

the 4th industrial revolution



Hi, and today night i'd like to talk about new step in industrial production. There is a word familiar to everyone - plastic.

And what i have to say about it - it's everywhere. There is in our houses, cars, in our dreams and reality.

Almost every stuff consist of plastic. like - 30% of every car. 50% in every home. in short. This material today is much more popular than oil and gas. but plastic definitely it's an industrial gas.

And creation new and new kind of that material gives us new technologies.

Today world cant be stabil with no polimer materials. We depend on polypropylene, polyethylene and many more same materials that take place in our usual day.

Like: plastic bottles, meal containers, clothes, shoes, carpets, toys, phones, stuff for daily hygiene, cosmetics, computers, and more.

Polypropylene applications:

Automotive Applications (indoor outdoor stuff)
Household Goods (carpets, tosters, mixers, ovens, smart-technicks, sofas, chairs, more)
Film (cameras, any stuff for movie making like decor or intruments)
Containers
Appliances ( all almost 50% made using by PP)
Packaging
Electrical/Electronic Applications
Industrial Applications
General Purpose

Polyethylene applications:
Toys, utensils, films, bottles, pipe and processing equipment. Wire and cable insulations.


i amd talking just about most popular polimers but there is a variety of materials :

Polymers And Compounds Used In Extruded Plastic Products

ABS (Acrylonitrile-Butadine-Styrene)
This material is a terpolymer of acrylonitrile, butadine and styrene. Typical applications include automotive hardware, appliance cases, pipe and plated items.

Acrylic
Most acrylics are polymers of methyl methacrylate (PMMA). Acrylic can be optically clear or cloudy. Used in transparent items such as lenses, automotive trim, household items, light fixtures, decorator items signage and point of purchase display.

EVA (Ethylene-Vinyl - Acetate)
This copolymer resin can be used in adhesives, sealants and coatings. It is found in footwear components, flexible hose, automobile bumpers, toys and athletic goods, moulded automotive parts, flexible packaging and films.

Flexible PVC (Poly Vinyl Chloride)
Unmodified polyvinylchloride is a very rigid thermoplastic. PVC has excellent resistance to water and aqueous solutions. Applications are for pipe, extruded wire covering, toys, bottles, door and window components, film and fabric coatings.

HDPE (High Density Polyethylene)
A thermoplastic available in a range of flexibilities formed by a wide variety of thermoplastic processing methods. Useful where moisture resistance and low cost are required. It is used in toys, utensils, films, bottles, pipe and processing equipment.

LDPE (Low Density Polyethylene)
Vinyl acetate can be copolymerized with ethylene for improved transparency over homopolymerized polyethylene because of a reduction of crystallinity in the copolymer.

PC (Polycarbonate)
Most commonly formed by a reaction of bispenol A and phosgene. Its applications are almost always those which take advantage of its uniquely high impact strength.

PP (Polypropylene)
A thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications, including packaging, textiles (e.g. ropes and carpets) plastic parts and reusable containers of various types, laboratory equipment and automotive components.

PU (Polyurethane)
Principal applications are in coatings, elastomers and foams. The elastomers have excellent abrasion resistance but high hysteresis. Rigid polyurethane foams have become widely used as insulation materials because of their combination of low heat transfer and good cost effectiveness.

Rigid PVC (Poly Vinyl Chloride)
Unmodified polyvinylchloride is a very rigid thermoplastic. Usage of PVC has grown steadily since its introduction in the early 1930s to become a very widely used plastic in applications from films and mouldings to extruded pipe.

TPE (Thermoplastic elastomers)
A family of polymers that can be repeatedly stretched without permanently deforming the shape of the part. Unlike rubber-like elastomers, they do not require curing or vulcanization, as they are true thermoplastics.

TPV (Thermal Plastic Vulcanite)
Widely known as Santoprene™*, typical applications include weather stripping, seals, glazing boots for window seals, commercial glazing gaskets, expansion joints and gaskets.

Styrene
Typical applications include thin walled packages, pipe mouldings for construction industry and signage.

TPO (Thermal Plastic Olefin)
Thermal Plastic Olefin is a Thermoplastic Polyolefin Elastomer plastic material with a medium high melt flow, 650 MPa flexural modulus and low CLTE.


Even news about new battery pack on market makes me happy - li-polimer battery with much bigger density but dangerous during overcharging, overdischarge and short-circuit.

Anyway new industrial materials applying almost everywhere - from households to spaceships.

And now the time s coming for explaining WHAT IS A POLIMER CONSISTANCY: it's easy - there is a industrial gases recaived from oil gas or natural gas or LNG gas.

And who is a super big gas-supplyer on global market ?? hm GAZPROM.
But after oil prices falling down - the gas prices made the same circle. And now exporting gas is not the goal number one for Russia. The goal number one -is to stay alive on that super-duper competitive global market.

Where is the way of changing russian economy from oil-depending to independing ? it's a oil and gas chemistry.

And in this direction Russia makes a good steps - we all know the saver of russian economy after 4th industrial revolution : the company SIBUR.

SIBUR is becoming is national compaly also like GAZPROM. There is a most popular chemical company and definitely it's a russian step-forward in post oil-depending economy.

I know many people could say - our supporter is argycultural development and making new groups of food-products. but food isn't revolutionary method, it's oldschool method.

Ok at the end some movies about SIBUR, after watching i even fall in love with channel RUSSIA 24. the documentaries on the channes are amazing and real motivating.








BTW i's sure visited SIBUR headquarters in Moscow https://yandex.com.ge/maps/213/moscow/?ll=37.581626%2C55.677087&z=14&mode=search&ol=biz&oid=1060418488 with business.

Now Sibur is constructing a new factory close to Tobols Polimer - ZAPSIBNEFTEXIM. there is a unreal facility. And after 2020 when this factory ll be complited - i guess Russia will become polimer exporter from gas-export polimers-importer.

In the end movie about SIBUR
Tags: chemical, oil&gas, oilchemical gas chemicals, plastic, pp, russia 24, sibur, нефтегаз, нефтехимия, сибур
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